Sometimes people underestimate diabetes mellitus or diabetes because it does not cause pain. In fact, the
disease can eventually lead to various complications, such as blindness, kidney failure, and heart failure. Diabetes is also the sort of incurable disease. Therefore, awareness of patients will likely to get
diabetes is needed. It was raised internist Pondok Indah Hospital in Jakarta Leo W. Natasuria
in Jakarta, recently. According to Leo, diabetes arising from the failure of pancreas to produce insulin to break down glucose or blood sugar in the body into energy. As a result, glucose builds up in the blood and damage to other organs. Actually, there are a number of factors that cause the pancreas fails to produce
insulin, including heredity and an unhealthy lifestyle, such as overeating and lack of exercise. In fact,
diabetes itself can also be found by examining blood glucose levels during fasting, which is 10 hours not eating in over 126 milligrams per deciliter of blood. However, blood tests in the laboratory is also
required to check the insulin level and determine the type of diabetes. For example, type one diabetes when
the body no longer produces insulin. While type two is the pancreas still produces insulin but
is less effective. Leo explains, the symptoms are easy to find, someone easy to thirst, frequent
urination, weight loss becomes easy and legs tingling. Areas that are
often affected by diabetes are foot. The legs often arise or gangrenous wounds, calluses, warts, or
fingernails into the flesh. Therefore, to prevent the disease, one must change lifestyle. Unlike
normal people, patients need guidance nutritionist to determine the amount of nutrients that must be consumed. In addition, patients need a physiotherapist to determine the shape and duration of exercise. Patients also must regularly monitor their blood glucose levels independently.